Knitted fabrics and concepts (Part 1)

Knitting fabric is a fabric formed by linking a system of loops together, manufactured by knitting technology.
The loops are interconnected according to the looping rule by means of a needle system that holds the loop first while new loops are formed in front of the old loops. The old loops are then nested through new loops to form a fabric. These loops are created by means of an up, down movement and the opening and closing of the needles of the knitting and cam system on the knitting machine.
Knitted fabric consists of horizontal rows called courses (course) and vertical columns called loop (Wale). The loop structure makes the knit fabric elastic and porous, with completely different technical specifications than the woven fabric.

In woven fabric, the yarn is always straight, running in parallel bidirectional doc (warp) or transverse (fill). In contrast, in knitted fabrics the running yarn is bent to form symmetrical upper and lower loops. These bends can be easily stretched in different directions making knit fabrics much more resilient than woven fabrics.

For this reason, knitted fabrics are developed very quickly for garments that require high elasticity or elongation in response to the wearer’s movement, such as socks and elastic or for tight-fitting clothing. be. Compared to woven, it can only be stretched very little or in an inclined direction with the longitudinal or transverse direction of the fabric or unless it is woven from stretchy materials like spandex.; The elasticity of the knitted fabric allows It is used more appropriately to create fashion styles for women and children. Therefore, the demand for knitted fabric in life is increasingly greater than the woven fabric.

Basic properties of knitted fabric:

– Open surface, soft, porous.

– High elasticity, elasticity, convenient for human activities in activities or sports.

– Maintains good heat but does not hinder the process of ventilation between the human body and the surrounding environment (Breathable).

– Good permeability.

– Less creased, easy to store and clean.

– Good hygiene in apparel.

– Create a pleasant feeling of wear.

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