Basic knowledge of wash technology (part 2)

The treatment technology uses the indigo dyeing properties, the role of chemicals, enzymes, and the mechanical action to change the appearance, comfort, convenience and especially to meet the requirements. The fashion bridge of the garments is called wash clothes.
THE CHEMICAL NAMES WHICH ARE USED IN WASHING PLANT.Hidro Peroxide

Enzyme (Neutral enzyme and acid enzyme)
Acetic acid [CH3-COOH]
Detergent or surfactant – Detergent
Anti-staining agent
Bleaching powder _ Bleaching powder [Ca (OCl) CL]
Javen or a water bleaching agent – Sodium hyposulfite [Na2S2O2]
Caustic soda – Caustic soda [NAOH]
Soda ash – Soda ash [Na2CO3]
Sodium bicarbonate – Sodium bicarbonate [NaHCO3]
Potassium – Potassium or Potassium permanganate [KMnO4] Kalipermanganate
Softening agent – Cationic / nonionic flax softener
Silicone softeners – Micro emulsion silicone
Salt – Salt Used in dyeing or tinting
PH buffer to stabilize the pH environment – Buffer
Hydrogen peroxide – Hydrogen peroxide [H202]
Stabilizer in technology of Hidrogen peroxide – Stabilizer
Color retention agent for holding colors after tinting – Fixing agent
Catalyst – Catalizer
Optical brightener or optical brightener used to increase the level of contrast of the white in the denim or whitening products – Optical brightner
Plastic on the horizontal or Resin to create durable 3D with washing or size stability …
Reducing agent – Sodium metabisulphite [Na2S2O5]
Desizing agent.Silicone Softener
……… ..
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF NORMAL WASH OR GARMENT WASH OR RINSE WASH?
To remove dirt, oil stains or impurities from the sewing stage.
To eliminate the presence of starch starch on apparel fabrics.
Because of the soft feeling to wear different types of pants after buying.
To achieve the standard, required by the buyer.
WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE EXTRACTOR (HYDRO EXTRACTOR)?
The function of the extractor is to remove excess water in the products after washing.

DESCRIPTION STEP 1 AND 2 IN THE NORMAL WASH PROCESS OR RINSE WASH.
Step 1: (First step)

Mass of wash (Lot size): For example, 70 kg of clothes.
Get water into the machine in ratio L: R = 1: 8-10 ……, 560-700 liters (Capacity ratio is the ratio between the amount of wash product and the amount of water needed, for example L: R = 1: 8 , which means that 1 kg of pants requires 8 liters of water, or 70 kg of pants requires 70 × 8 = 560 liters of water)
Machine running
Add detergent (Add detergent), 0.5 g / liter (= 0.5 x 560) 280-350gm
Temperature requires, sometimes normal, sometimes 40 or 60 degrees Celsius
Time: 5-10 minutes
Drop the liquor
Cold wash
Step 2: (Second step)

Take water again (Add water), L: R = 1 :. 6 (= 6 x 700 Liters) 420 liters
Running machine
Add softener (Add softener) 0.5 gm / liter (= 0.5X 420) 210 gm
Add acetic acid (Add acetic acid), 0.5gm / liter (= 0.5 x 420) 210 gm
Running time 5-10 minutes
Drain water Note that there is no washing after softening step.
Release (unload).
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF SILICON WASH?
To provide softness and enhance the elastic properties of the product.
Strengthening pilling resistance for the product, increasing the size stability and tear resistance.
To improve the wearing comfort and convenience as well as customer requirements.

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